Improving Patient Safety with Indonesian Government Regulations

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Patient safety is a fundamental principle in healthcare that not only prioritizing an effective treatment, but also protecting patients from potential risks and errors. The Ministry of Health PMK No. 1691 describes the 7 Patient Safety Standards, 7 Steps to Patient Safety, and 6 Patient Safety Goals which are important guidelines for hospitals and clinics. Below, we elaborate on each standards, patient safety measures and goals along with a brief explanation of each point provided by KMS HIMS.

Seven Standards for Patient Safety:

Respecting Rights and Improving Communication

1. Patient Rights

Uphold patient rights throughout treatment, encompassing access to information and involvement in medical decisions.

2. Patient and Family Education

Empower patients and families with accurate information enabling them to make informed decisions with their treatment.

3. Patient Safety and Service Continuity

Ensure consistent patient safety during the treatment while maintaining seamless service.

4. Use of Performance Improvement Methods

Employ proven methods for patient safety evaluations and enhancements.

5. Leadership Role

Foster robust leadership to prioritize patient safety at all levels of the organization.

6. Staff Education on Patient Safety

Provide comprehensive training and education to staff on patient safety principles.

7. Communication is the Key

Enhance communication among staff to optimize patient safety.

Seven Steps to Patient Safety:

Achieving a Secure Healthcare Environment

1. Promote Awareness of Patient Safety Value

Establish a deep understanding among both staff and patient on the importance of safety in healthcare.

2. Champion Leadership Support

Cultivate leaders who champion patient safety in decisions and actions.

3. Integration of Risk Management

Integrating risk management practices into daily routine to identify and mitigate potential risks.

4. Open Reporting System

Establish a transparent system for reporting incidents and errors, fostering a culture of learning from mistakes.

5. Engage Patient in Treatment Planning

Collaborate with patient in treatment planning and maintaining open communication.

6. Learning and Sharing Experiences

Foster a culture of learning from experiences to prevent recurring errors.

7. Injury Prevention

Implementing an effective patient safety system to prevent accidents and injuries.

Six Goals of Safety:

Focusing on Critical of Patient Care

1. Accuracy of Patient Identification

Ensure correct patient identification before initiating any treatment.

2. Enhance Effective Communication

Promote effective communication between staff and patients to avoid misunderstandings or missing information.

3. High Alert Drug Safety

Exercise heightened caution in managing high-risk medications.

4. Assure Correct Site, Procedure, Patient

Verify that all procedures are accurately performed on the right patient and at the correct site.

5. Reduce Infection Risk

Implement strict infection prevention measures to safeguard both patients and staff.

6. Minimize Patient Fall Risk

Identify fall risk factors and implement necessary precautions to mitigate patient fall risks.

The Role of the KMS HIMS (Hospital Information Management System) in Advancing Patient Safety:

The KMS HIMS plays an important role both in hospitals (KMS HIMS) or clinics (KMS Clinic) in realizing the patient safety standards, steps and goals regulated by PMK No. 1691. With its advanced features, KMS HIMS assists hospitals and clinics by:

  • Facilitating internal and external communications through reporting systems and seamless information integration.
  • Ensuring accurate and efficient management of patient data to mitigate the risk of errors.
  • Monitoring incidents and occurrences through an incident reporting system and risk analysis.
  • Integrating risk management practices to minimize errors and complications.
  • Engaging patients in their healthcare treatment process and educate them on potential risks and precautions.

With the integration of the KMS HIMS, hospitals and clinics can embrace healthcare practices that are safer, more efficient and of elevated quality, in accordance with established regulations. Features such as Electronic Health Record (EHR) streamline health services, ultimately promoting patient safety as the top priority at all stages of care.

For more info about our system, please contact our WhatsApp number at +62 821 4520 5712 or send us an email at


Regulation of the Minister of Health Number 1691, Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia, 2011.

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